The deadline has passed for companies to report their gender pay gaps, and the results are in. We’ve drilled down into the figures provided by Amazon, Apple, Google and Facebook to find out how they compare.
At first glance, it appears that Amazon’s UK gender pay gap is significantly better than many of its rivals in the tech sector. The firm reports that women are actually paid more in terms of median average pay by a margin of 0.7 per cent. When it comes to the mean hourly rate, Amazon also performs significantly better than the national average. According to this metric, men are paid just 6.1 per cent better than women.
However, a closer look at the data reveals a different picture. Amazon’s topline data includes the thousands of staff who work in its warehouses across the UK. The data suggests that the majority of these lower paid roles are carried out by male workers; in the division that pays warehouse staff, men outnumber women 7:3 in all quartiles. As such, it appears that this group has had a significant impact on Amazon’s topline gender pay gap.
Amazon UK Services, the division in question, is the only part of the business which reports a gender pay gap in favour of women. In every other division, men are paid significantly more. In Amazon Online UK, for example, the hourly median and mean rate is 17.4 per cent lower for women. This matches the mean national pay gap pay, and is only 1 per cent better than the median national pay gap.
An Amazon spokesperson said: “Our gender pay gap analysis shows a -0.7% difference in favour of women, compared to the UK average of 18.4% in favour of men. At Amazon we are committed to building a diverse, merit-based organisation which is reflected in our diversity initiatives and gender pay gap performance. We have programmes that we’re continually working to further improve, to actively recruit and help advance more women into senior and technology-focused roles as we grow our business here in the UK.”
Apple also boasts a median pay gap in women’s favour – by a margin of two per cent. Its mean pay gap, meanwhile, is five per cent in men’s favour. However, as with Amazon, the figures appear to be skewed by the fact the company employs a significant number of men in lower paid roles outside of its corporate offices. In Apple’s case, these staff are employed in its retail stores, where men outnumber women roughly 7 to 3 in each quartile. Meanwhile, in its corporate offices, women’s mean hourly rate is 26 per cent lower than men’s.
Unlike Amazon however, Apple’s statement cites both mean and median statistics and admits that by some measures its female employees are worse off. In a statement, the company’s vice president for people, Deirdre O’Brien, said: “This year, a new law in the UK requires us to publish the average total pay received by men relative to that received by women. The difference, known as the gender pay gap, is created by an imbalance in representation — specifically, a higher proportion of men in senior roles. We’re determined to continue our progress towards a workforce that’s more representative of the world around us.”
Google’s topline data appears to be a more accurate reflection of pay across the company’s UK offices than in Apple or Amazon’s case. The search giant’s female employees’ mean hourly rate is 17 per cent lower than men’s, and their median rate is 16 per cent lower. While 50 per cent of their lowest paid staff are women, just 22 per cent of their highest paid staff are. Women’s median bonus pay is also 27 per cent lower than men’s.
The company’s UK chief Ronan Harris said in a statement: “We’re not proud of these numbers. The under-representation of women in senior leadership and engineering roles is a challenge for us and for the entire technology industry and it’s one we’re working hard to address.
“We value diverse teams and we know having a diverse workforce is critical to our future success.”
As with Google, Facebook’s topline data appears to be fairly representative of how the company actually pays its UK-based staff. Female Facebookers’ mean hourly rate is 0.8 per cent lower than men’s, while their median hourly rate is 9.9 per cent lower. The firm also employs more men than women across the board. Just over 39 per cent of its lowest paid workers are women while 29 per cent of top quartile are, and women’s median bonus pay is 41.5 per cent lower than men’s.
The company said in a statement: “We want our workforce to reflect the diversity of our global community of over 2 billion people on Facebook, so it’s vital for us to have a broad range of perspectives from different genders, races, ages, religions, sexual orientations, abilities and many other characteristics.
“We are committed to increasing the representation of women at all levels. We know we’re not where we need to be, and we’re committed to making real progress.”