Dr Saif F Abed is EMEA medical director at health sotfware firm Imprivata
Take the perfect recipe for a new model of care. A well thought out local digital roadmap to improve efficiency through IT, a forward-thinking acute trust, collaborative partners across care settings and a novel vanguard model, all combined to create a project with the potential to achieve local and national integrated care objectives.
Then a massive clinical data breach strikes, patient data is compromised, and the project collapses, missing a chance to help transform care for thousands or even millions of patients.
With sustainability and transformation plans, the Five Year Forward View and ambitious local projects across the country leading the way for population based care, the NHS is on the brink of success for integrated health economies.
This hard work must not be undermined by avoidable security risks.
New security challenges
The realisation of genuine integrated care does carry inherent new data security challenges.
Integrated care means more clinics moving from the hospital to the GP surgery. It means more specialist clinicians carrying out home visits, or moving between multiple hospitals. There will be more hybrid nursing, more community nursing, and a much greater reliance on mobility, outside of the four walls of a clinic.
The only way we can manage the health of entire populations is if we have a more mobile workforce, but we still need to have the same elite standards of security, while providing professionals with the right information, at the right time, wherever they need it.
So how can a balance be struck?
The current status
Mobility, clinical workflow and security are the three key elements to creating any integrated care strategy, whether that is one at a local level or one being driven nationally.
A great deal of progress has already been made around clinical workflows in relation to technology since the end of the National Programme for IT. Similarly vanguard sites are now starting to tackle the challenge of mobility, so that more patients are managed in the community.
But security has received the least attention and is to date the most deficient area of the three pieces of the puzzle. We are only now seeing real security investment come into fashion as a result of threats seen in the US and some EU states recently, and as a result of advice from bodies like GCHQ to improve security standards.
Others too have called for action. The Care Quality Commission and Dame Fiona Caldicott’s Office of the National Data Guardian, have both recently called on the NHS to take steps ahead of reviews of NHS organisations’ data security.
And health secretary Jeremy Hunt has insisted that the NHS has “has not yet won the public’s trust” when it comes to handling their data.
Technology is not the biggest problem
Technology is not the biggest weakness in data security, it is the human factor, one of the reasons why we are still seeing data breaches and fines imposed on the NHS from the Information Commissioner’s Office.
It’s true that while effective IT in an integrated care chain can allow patient data to be accessed in a more timely and secure way, other more cumbersome technologies can lead to problems.
For example, in healthcare settings today, it is not unknown for clinicians to become frustrated by log-on loading times each time they insert their smartcard to access patient information.
When fast systems are not in place, doctors may leave smartcards in the device, avoiding a hindrance to what they’re trying to do, but also creating security risks, including the potential for inappropriate access to information from colleagues and the loss of an audit trail.
In reality, the way people handle data and how they access devices is often the main challenge. The vast majority of data breaches take place because of humans mishandling information, not because of a cyber hack.
Empowering CCIOs and SIROs
But it’s the human element that also offers the answer to data security risks, including the new challenges presented by integrated care. But the NHS must now empower the right people in order to tackle security challenges.
At present, many parts of the NHS do not even have a chief information security officer or a senior information risk owner (SIRO). This is something that must change, with calls for such a role at board level being voiced by the CQC and Dame Fiona’s office.
Chief clinical information officers (CCIOs) can also play an extremely important role here, and are in many ways the most useful people in an NHS organisation to get major IT projects adopted, engaged with and used in a way that is useful for patients.
But so often CCIOs are not being given the executive powers needed to make the most difference, something that must change.
Today, CCIOs are simply not being invited to participate as effectively as they could and should be.
As someone who has worked in the NHS as a doctor, and who now works in the supplier community, I have seen this from both sides.
CCIOs need to be given the executive powers to lead. The same is needed for SIROs, so that clinical flows, mobility and security are not addressed in isolation.
The NHS must not pigeonhole clinicians and information security leads to clinical or security matters. Each deals with the whole picture from different angles. There must be collaboration between them and without executive powers, the train goes nowhere.
Those individuals can be key to ensuring these things happen, not only in the trust, but more widely across health and social care.
The more players in an integrated care setting, the more collaboration you need. Ideally, the same expertise would be reflected in each of the component organisations, to allow the security and workflow needs of acute, community, mental health, primary and social care to be tackled with cohesion.
But most importantly, health economies need to understand where they are deficient, where they are strong, where they need to invest and where they don’t have enough resource.
The first step is for all the component organisations to come together and understand what they are capable of – and what they are not.
Only an integrated approach to security can work for integrated care.